Infection Prevention and Control

Original Research Articles

  1. Rutala WA, Kanamori H, Gergen MF, Knelson LP, Sickbert-Bennett EE, Chen LF, Anderson DJ, Sexton DJ, Weber DJ; CDC Prevention Epicenters Program. Enhanced disinfection leads to reduction of microbial contamination and a decrease in patient colonization and infection. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology. Cambridge University Press; :1–4. DOI: 10.1017/ice.2018.165
  2. Baker AW, Haridy S, Salem J, Ilies I, Ergai AO, Samareh A, Andrianas N, Benneyan JC, Sexton DJ, Anderson DJ. Performance of statistical process control methods for regional surgical site infection surveillance: a 10-year multicentre pilot study. BMJ Quality & Safety 2018. DOI: 10.1136/bmjqs-2017-006474 
  3. Anderson DJ, Moehring RW, Weber DJ, Lewis SS, Chen LF, Schwab JC, Becherer P, Blocker M, Triplett PF, Knelson LP, Lokhnygina Y, Rutala WA, Sexton DJ; CDC Prevention Epicenters Program. Effectiveness of Targeted Enhanced Terminal Room Disinfection on Hospital-Wide Acquisition and Infection with Multidrug-Resistant Organisms and Clostridium difficile: A Secondary Analysis of a Multicentre Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial with Crossover Design (BETR Disinfection). The Lancet Infectious Diseases. 2018 Jun 4. DOI: 10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30278-0
  4. Freeman JT, Blakiston MR, Anderson DJ. Hospital-Onset MRSA Bacteremia Rates Are Significantly Correlated With Sociodemographic Factors: A Step Toward Risk Adjustment. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018 Feb 19:1-3. doi: 10.1017/ice.2018.12. PMID: 29457569
  5. Seidelman JL, Lewis SS, Huslage K, Strittholt N, Vereen S, Sova C, Taylor B, Bonadonna D, Ranney D, Nag U, Daneshmand M, Anderson DJ, Sexton DJ, Smith BA. To Be a CLABSI or Not to Be a CLABSI-That is the Question: The Epidemiology of BSI in a Large ECMO Population. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018 Jan 24:1-3. doi: 10.1017/ice.2017.320. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29363438
  6. Anderson DJ, Knelson LP, Moehring RW, Lewis SS, Weber DJ, Chen LF, Triplett PF, Blocker M, Cooney RM, Schwab JC, Lokhnygina Y, Rutala WA, Sexton DJ; CDC Prevention Epicenters Program. Implementation Lessons Learned From the Benefits of Enhanced Terminal Room (BETR) Disinfection Study: Process and Perceptions of Enhanced Disinfection with Ultraviolet Disinfection Devices. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018 Feb;39(2):157-163. doi: 10.1017/ice.2017.268. Epub 2018 Jan 14. PMID:29331170
  7. Baker AW, Edmond MB, Herwaldt LA, Chen LF, Srikantaswamy S, Sexton DJ. Real-Time Surveillance of Influenza Morbidity: Tracking Intensive Care Unit Resource Utilization. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2017 Dec;14(12):1810-1817. doi:10.1513/AnnalsATS.201609-721OC. PubMed PMID: 28799774; PubMed Central PMCID:PMC5711258.
  8. Harris AD, Pineles L, Anderson DJ, Woeltje KF, Trick WE, Kaye KS, Yokoe DS, Nyquist A, Calfee DP, Leekha S. Which comorbid conditions should we be analyzing as risk factors for healthcare-associated infections? Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2017 in press. DOI: 10.1017/ice.2016.314
  9. Knelson LP, Ramadanovic GK, Chen LF, Moehring RW, Lewis SS, Rutala WA, Weber DJ, Sexton DJ, Anderson DJ; CDC Prevention EpiCenters Program. Self-monitoring by Environmental Services May Not Accurately Measure Thoroughness of Hospital Room Cleaning. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2017 Nov;38(11):1371-1373. doi: 10.1017/ice.2017.205.
  10. Anderson DJ, Addison R, Lokhnygina Y, Warren B, Sharma-Kuinkel B, Rojas LJ, Rudin SD, Lewis SS, Moehring RW, Weber DJ, Rutala WA, Bonomo RA, Fowler VG, Sexton DJ, and the CDC Prevention Epicenters Program.  The Antimicrobial Scrub Contamination and Transmission (ASCOT) Trial: a three-arm, blinded, randomized controlled trial with crossover design to determine the efficacy of antimicrobial-impregnated scrubs in preventing healthcare provider contamination.  Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2017 Aug 29:1-8. DOI: 10.1017/ice.2017.181
  11. Jackson SS, Leekha S, Magder LS, Pineles L, Anderson DJ, Trick WE, Woeltje KF, Kaye KS, Stafford K, Thom K, Lowe TJ, Harris AD.  The effect of adding comorbidities to current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention central line-associated bloodstream infection risk-adjustment methodology.  Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2017 Jul 3:1-6. doi: 10.1017/ice.2017.129 [Epub ahead of print]
  12. Blanco N, Perencevich E, Li SS, Morgan DJ, Pineles L, Johnson JK, Robinson G, Anderson DJ, Jacob JT, Maragakis LL, Harris AD, for the CDC Prevention Epicenters Program.  Effect of meteorological factors and geographic location on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant enterococci colonization in the US.  PLoS One 2017 2017 May 30;12(5):e0178254. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0178254.
  13. Anderson DJ, Rojas LF, Watson S, Knelson LP, Pruitt S, Lewis SS, Moehring RW, Sickbert Bennett EE, Weber DJ, Chen LF, Sexton DJ, for the CDC Prevention Epicenters Program.  Identification of novel risk factors for community-acquired Clostridium difficile infection using spatial statistics and geographic information system analyses.  PLoS One 2017 May 16;12(5):e0176285. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0176285
  14. Jackson SS, Leekha S, Magder LS, Pineles L, Anderson DJ, Trick WE, Woeltje KF, Kaye KS, Lowe TJ, Harris AD.  Electronically available comorbidities should be used in surgical site infection risk adjustment.  Clin Infect Dis 2017 May 6. doi: 10.1093/cid/cix431. [Epub ahead of print]
  15. Baker AW, Lewis SS, Alexander BD, Chen LF, Wallace RJ Jr, Brown-Elliott BA, Isaacs PJ, Pickett LC, Patel CB, Smith PK, Reynolds JM, Engel J, Wolfe CR, Milano CA, Schroder JN, Davis RD, Hartwig MG, Stout JE, Strittholt N, Maziarz EK, Saullo JH, Hazen KC, Walczak RJ Jr, Vasireddy R, Vasireddy S, McKnight CM, Anderson DJ, Sexton DJ. Two-Phase Hospital-Associated Outbreak of Mycobacterium abscessus: Investigation and Mitigation. Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Apr 1;64(7):902-911. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciw877. PubMed PMID: 28077517.
  16. O’Hara LM, Morgan DJ, Pineles L, Li S, Sulis C, Bowling J, Drees M, Jacob JT, Anderson DJ, Warren DK, Harris AD. Is There a Correlation Between Infection Control Performance and Other Hospital Quality Measures?  Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2017 Apr 5:1-4. doi: 10.1017/ice.2017.27.
  17. Anderson DJ, Chen LF, Weber DJ, Moehring RW, Lewis SS, Triplett PF, Blocker M, Becherer P, Schwab JC, Knelson LP, Lokhnygina Y. Enhanced terminal room disinfection and acquisition and infection caused by multidrug-resistant organisms and Clostridium difficile (the Benefits of Enhanced Terminal Room Disinfection study): a cluster-randomised, multicentre, crossover study. The Lancet. 2017 Mar 3;389(10071):805-14. Trial Protocol. NCT01579370 DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31588-4
  18. Baker AW, Dicks KV, Durkin MJ, Weber DJ, Lewis SS, Moehring RW, Chen LF, Sexton DJ, Anderson DJ. Epidemiology of surgical site infection in a community hospital network.  Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2016; 37(5):519-26. DOI: 10.1017/ice.2016.13
  19. Dicks KV, Lofgren E, Lewis SS, Moehring RW, Sexton DJ, Anderson DJ. A multicenter pragmatic interrupted time series analysis of chlorhexidine gluconate bathing in community hospital intensive care units. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2016; 37(7):791-97. DOI: 10.1017/ice.2016.23
  20. Boggan JC, Baker AW, Lewis SS, Dicks KV, Durkin MJ, Moehring RW, Chen LF, Knelson LP, Hegland DD, Anderson DJ.  An automated surveillance strategy to identify infectious complications after cardiac implantable electronic device procedures.  Open Forum Infect Dis 2015;2(4): ofv128. doi:10.1093/ofid/ofv128
  21. Dicks KV, Baker AW, Durkin MJ, Anderson DJ, Moehring RW, Chen LF, Sexton DJ, Weber DJ, Lewis SS.  Short operative duration and surgical site infection risk in hip and knee arthroplasty procedures.  Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2015;36(12):1431-1436. DOI:10.1017/ice.2015.222
  22. Dicks KV, Baker AW, Durkin MJ, Lewis SS, Moehring RW, Anderson DJ, Sexton DJ, Chen LF, and CDC Prevention Epicenters Program. The Potential Impact of Excluding Funguria from the Surveillance Definition of Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2015;36(4):467-9. DOI: 10.1017/ice.2014.72
  23. Durkin MJ, Dicks KV, Baker AW, Moehring RW, Chen LF, Sexton DJ, Lewis SS, Anderson DJ. Postoperative infection in spine surgery: does the month matter? J Neurosurg 2015;23(1):128-34.  doi:  10.3171/2014.10.SPINE14559.
  24. Durkin MJ, Dicks KV, Baker AW, Lewis SS, Moehring RW, Chen LF, Sexton DJ, Anderson DJ.  Seasonal variation of common surgical site infections: does season matter?  Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2015;26:1-6.
    DOI: 10.1017/ice.2015.121
  25. Morgan DJ, Pineles L, Shardell M, Sulis C, Kett DH, Bowling J, Belton BM, Harris AD, and the BUGG Study Primary Investigators.  Effect of chlorhexidine bathing and other infection control practices on the Benefits of Universal Glove and Gown (BUGG) trial: a subgroup analysis. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2015;36(6);734-37. DOI: 10.1017/ice.2015.33
  26. Morgan DJ, Braun B, Milstone AM, Anderson DJ, Lautenbach E, Safdar N, Drees M, Meddings J, Linkin DR, Croft LD, Pineles L, Diekema DJ, Harris AD.  Lessons learned from hospital Ebola preparation.  Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2015;36(6):627-31. DOI: 10.1017/ice.2015.61
  27. Arduino JM, Kaye KS, Reed SD, Peter SA, Sexton DJ, Chen LF, Hardy N, Tong S, Smugar SS, Fowler VG, Anderson DJ.  Staphylococcus aureus infections following knee and hip prosthesis insertion procedures.  Antimicrob Resist Infection Control 2015, 4:13. doi: 10.1186/s13756-015-0057-4
  28. Lewis SS, Dicks KV, Chen LF, Bolongnesi MP, Anderson DJ, Sexton DJ, Moehring RW.  Delay in Diagnosis of Invasive Surgical Site Infections following Knee Arthroplasty versus Hip Arthroplasty.  Clin Infect Dis. 2015 Apr 1;60(7):990-996. Epub 2014 Dec 11. PMID: 25501986 DOI: 10.1093/cid/ciu975
  29. Klompas M*, Anderson DJ*, Trick W, Babcock H, Kerlin MP, Li L, Sinkowitz-Cochran R, Ely EW, Jernigan J, Magill S, Lyles R, O'Neil C, Kitch BT, Arrington E, Balas MC, Kleinman K, Bruce C, Lankiewicz J, Murphy MV, Cox C, Lautenbach E, Sexton D, Fraser V, Weinstein RA, Platt R; for the CDC Prevention Epicenters. The Preventability of Ventilator-Associated Events: The CDC Prevention Epicenters' Wake Up and Breathe Collaborative.  Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2015 Feb 1;191(3):292-301. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201407-1394OC.  PMID 25369558 (*Co-first authors)
  30. Durkin MJ, Baker AW, Dicks KV, Lewis SS, Chen LF, Anderson DJ, Sexton DJ, Moehring RW. A comparison between National Healthcare Safety Network laboratory-identified event reporting versus traditional surveillance for Clostridium difficile infection. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2015 Feb;36(2):125-31. doi: 10.1017/ice.2014.42. PubMed PMID: 25632994; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4405780.
  31. Anderson DJ, Moehring RW, Sloane R, Schmader KE, Weber DJ, Fowler VG Jr, Smathers E, Sexton DJ.  Bloodstream infections in community hospitals in the 21st century: a multicenter cohort study.  PLoS One. 2014 Mar 18;9(3):e91713. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0091713
  32. Kaye KS, Marchaim D, Chen TY, Baures T, Anderson DJ, Choi Y, Sloane R, Schmader KE.  Effect of Nosocomial Bloodstream Infections on Mortality, Length of Stay, and Hospital Costs in Older Adults. J Am Geriatr Soc 2014 Jan 17. doi: 10.1111/jgs.12634. [Epub ahead of print]
  33. Baker AW, Durkin MJ, Dicks KV, Lewis SS, Moehring RW, Chen LF, Sexton DJ, Anderson DJ. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection surveillance: National Healthcare Safety Network's laboratory-identified event reporting versus traditional laboratory-confirmed bloodstream infection surveillance. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2014 Oct;35(10):1286-9. doi: 10.1086/678071. Epub 2014 Aug 20. PubMed PMID: 25203183; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4224271.
  34. Knelson LP, Williams DA, Gergen M, Rutala WA, Weber DJ, Sexton DJ, Anderson DJ. A Comparison of Environmental Contamination by Patients Infected or Colonized with MRSA or VRE: A multicenter study Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol, 2014 Jul;35(7):872-5. DOI: 10.1086/671000
  35. Dicks KV, Lewis SS, Durkin MJ, Baker AW, Moehring RW, Chen LF, Sexton DJ, Anderson DJ. Surveying the surveillance: surgical site infections excluded by the January 2013 updated surveillance definitions. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2014 May;35(5):570-3. DOI: 10.1086/675837
  36. Moehring RW, Lewis SS, Isaacs PJ, Schell WA, Thomann WR, Althaus MM, Hazen KC, Dicks KV, Lipuma JJ, Chen LF, Sexton DJ. Outbreak of bacteremia due to Burkholderia contaminans linked to intravenous fentanyl from an institutional compounding pharmacy. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Apr;174(4):606-12. DOI: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.13768
  37. Moehring RW, Lofgren E, Anderson DJ.  Impact of Change to Molecular Testing for Clostridium difficile Infection on Healthcare Facility-Associated Incidence Rates Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology.  Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013, in press. DOI: 10.1086/673144
  38. Lewis SS, Knelson LP, Moehring RW, Chen LF, Sexton DJ, Anderson DJ. Comparison of Non-Intensive Care Unit (ICU) versus ICU Rates of Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection in Community Hospitals.  Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2013 Jul;34(7):744-7. DOI: 10.1086/671000
  39. Lee MS, Walker V, Chen LF, Sexton DJ, Anderson DJ.  The Epidemiology of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in a Network of Community Hospitals: a Prospective, Multicenter Study. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013; 34(7):657-62. DOI: 10.1086/670991
  40. Anderson DJ, Gergen MF, Smathers E, et al. Decontamination of targeted pathogens from patient rooms using an automated ultraviolet-C-emitting device. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013;34(5):466-71. DOI: 10.1086/670215
  41. Weber DJ, Anderson DJ, Sexton DJ, Rutala WA. Role of the environment in the transmission of Clostridium difficile in health care facilities. Am J Infect Control 2013;41(5 Suppl):S105-10. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajic.2012.12.009
  42. Moehring RW, Staheli R, Miller BA, Chen LF, Sexton DJ, Anderson DJ. Central line-associated infections as defined by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' Hospital-acquired condition versus standard infection control surveillance: why hospital compare seems conflicted. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013;34(3):238-44. DOI: 10.1086/669527
  43. Lewis SS, Moehring RW, Chen LF, Sexton DJ, Anderson DJ. Assessing the Relative Burden of Hospital-Acquired Infections in a Network of Community Hospitals.  Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013; 34(1): 1229-1230. DOI: 10.1086/673443
  44. Chen LF, Carriker C, Staheli R, et al. Observing and improving hand hygiene compliance: implementation and refinement of an electronic-assisted direct-observer hand hygiene audit program. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013;34(2):207-10. DOI: 10.1086/669084
  45. Anderson DJ, Pyatt DG, Weber DJ, Rutala WA. Statewide costs of health care-associated infections: Estimates for acute care hospitals in North Carolina. Am J Infect Control 2013. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajic.2012.11.022
  46. Baker AW, Enfield K, Mehring B, Turner JC, Sifri CD. Local influenza-like illness surveillance at a university health system during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic. Am J Infect Control. 2012 Sep;40(7):606-10. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2011.12.009. Epub 2012 Mar 13. PubMed PMID: 22418609.
  47. Ming DY, Chen LF, Miller BA, Anderson DJ. The impact of depth of infection and postdischarge surveillance on rate of surgical-site infections in a network of community hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2012;33(3):276-82. DOI: 10.1086/664053
  48. Dicks KV, Staheli R, Anderson DJ, Miller BA, Jones WS, Harrison JK, et al. "What the Eyes Don't See, the Heart Doesn't Grieve Over": Epidemiology and Risk Factors for Bloodstream Infections following Cardiac Catheterization. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2012;33(8):837-41. DOI: 10.1086/666739
  49. Davis ME, Anderson DJ, Sharpe M, Chen LF, Drew RH. Constructing unit-specific empiric treatment guidelines for catheter-related and primary bacteremia by determining the likelihood of inadequate therapy. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2012;33(4):416-20. DOI: 10.1086/664756
  50. Chen LF, Arduino JM, Sheng S, Muhlbaier LH, Kanafani ZA, Harris AD, et al. Epidemiology and outcome of major postoperative infections following cardiac surgery: Risk factors and impact of pathogen type. Am J Infect Control. 2012. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajic.2012.01.012
  51. Hartwig MG, Anderson DJ, Onaitis MW, Reddy S, Snyder LD, Lin SS, Davis RD. Fundoplication after lung transplantation prevents the allograft dysfunction associated with reflux.  Ann Thor Surg 2011; 92(2):468-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2011.04.035
  52. Tsalik EL, Cunningham CK, Cunningham HM, Lopez-Marti MG, Sangvai DG, Purdy WK, et al. An Infection Control Program for a 2009 influenza A H1N1 outbreak in a university-based summer camp. J Am Coll Health. 2011;59(5):419-26. DOI: 10.1080/07448481.2010.534215
  53. Miller BA, Chen LF, Sexton DJ, Anderson DJ. Comparison of the burdens of hospital-onset, healthcare facility-associated Clostridium difficile Infection and of healthcare-associated infection due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in community hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2011;32(4):387-90. DOI: 10.1086/659156
  54. Kaye KS, Marchaim D, Chen TY, Chopra T, Anderson DJ, Choi Y, et al. Predictors of nosocomial bloodstream infections in older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2011;59(4):622-7. DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2010.03289.x
  55. Fuchs MA, Sexton DJ, Thornlow DK, Champagne MT. Evaluation of an evidence-based, nurse-driven checklist to prevent hospital-acquired catheter-associated urinary tract infections in intensive care units. J Nurs Care Qual. 2011;26(2):101-9. DOI: 10.1097/NCQ.0b013e3181fb7847
  56. Freeman JT, Chen LF, Sexton DJ, Anderson DJ. Blood culture contamination with Enterococci and skin organisms: implications for surveillance definitions of primary bloodstream infections. Am J Infect Control. 2011;39(5):436-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajic.2010.07.014
  57. Freeman JT, Anderson DJ, Hartwig MG, Sexton DJ. Surgical site infections following bariatric surgery in community hospitals: a weighty concern? Obes Surg. 2011;21(7):836-40. DOI: 10.1007/s11695-010-0105-3
  58. Chen LF, Dailey NJ, Rao AK, Fleischauer AT, Greenwald I, Deyde VM, et al. Cluster of oseltamivir-resistant 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus infections on a hospital ward among immunocompromised patients--North Carolina, 2009. J Infect Dis. 2011;203(6):838-46. DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jiq124
  59. Anderson DJ, Miller BA, Chen LF, Adcock LH, Cook E, Cromer AL, et al. The network approach for prevention of healthcare-associated infections: long-term effect of participation in the Duke Infection Control Outreach Network. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2011;32(4):315-22. DOI: 10.1086/658940
  60. Marchaim D, Kaye KS, Fowler VG, Anderson DJ, Chawla V, Golan Y, et al. Case-control study to identify factors associated with mortality among patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2010;16(6):747-52. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-0691.2009.02934.x
  61. Cummings KL, Anderson DJ, Kaye KS. Hand hygiene noncompliance and the cost of hospital-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2010;31(4):357-64. DOI: 10.1086/651096
  62. Chen TY, Anderson DJ, Chopra T, Choi Y, Schmader KE, Kaye KS. Poor functional status is an independent predictor of surgical site infections due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010;58(3):527-32. DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2010.02719.x
  63. Chen LF, Anderson DJ, Kaye KS, Sexton DJ. Validating a 3-point prediction rule for surgical site infection after coronary artery bypass surgery. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2010;31(1):64-8. DOI: 10.1086/649019
  64. Anderson DJ, Arduino JM, Reed SD, Sexton DJ, Kaye KS, Grussemeyer CA, et al. Variation in the type and frequency of postoperative invasive Staphylococcus aureus infections according to type of surgical procedure. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2010;31(7):701-9. DOI: 10.1086/653205
  65. Trinh JV, Chen LF, Sexton DJ, Anderson DJ. Risk factors for gram-negative bacterial surgical site infection: do allergies to antibiotics increase risk? Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2009;30(5):440-6. DOI: 10.1086/596612
  66. Kaye KS, Anderson DJ, Sloane R, Chen LF, Choi Y, Link K, et al. The effect of surgical site infection on older operative patients. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009;57(1):46-54. DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2008.02053.x
  67. Kanafani ZA, Sexton DJ, Pien BC, Varkey J, Basmania C, Kaye KS. Postoperative joint infections due to Propionibacterium species: a case-control study. Clin Infect Dis. 2009;49(7):1083-5. DOI: 10.1086/605577
  68. Chen LF, Sexton DJ, Kaye KS, Anderson DJ. Patient-days: a better measure of incidence of occupational bloodborne exposures. Am J Infect Control. 2009;37(7):534-40. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajic.2009.02.004
  69. Anderson DJ, Shimpi RA, McDonald JR, Branch MS, Kanafani ZA, Harger J, et al. Infectious complications following endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: an automated surveillance system for detecting postprocedure bacteremia. Am J Infect Control. 2008;36(8):592-4. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajic.2007.10.023
  70. Anderson DJ, Hartwig MG, Pappas T, Sexton DJ, Kanafani ZA, Auten G, et al. Surgical volume and the risk of surgical site infection in community hospitals: size matters. Ann Surg. 2008;247(2):343-9. DOI: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e31815aab38
  71. Anderson DJ, Chen LF, Sexton DJ, Kaye KS. Complex surgical site infections and the devilish details of risk adjustment: important implications for public reporting. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2008;29(10):941-6. DOI: 10.1086/591457
  72. Anderson DJ, Chen LF, Schmader KE, Sexton DJ, Choi Y, Link K, et al. Poor functional status as a risk factor for surgical site infection due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2008;29(9):832-9. DOI: 10.1086/590124
  73. McDonald JR, Carriker CM, Pien BC, Trinh JV, Engemann JJ, Harrell LJ, et al. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus outbreak in an intensive care nursery: potential for interinstitutional spread. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2007;26(8):678-83. DOI: 10.1097/INF.0b013e3180616ce4
  74. Friedman ND, Sexton DJ, Connelly SM, Kaye KS. Risk factors for surgical site infection complicating laminectomy. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2007;28(9):1060-5. DOI: 10.1086/519864
  75. Anderson DJ, Sexton DJ, Kanafani ZA, Auten G, Kaye KS. Severe surgical site infection in community hospitals: epidemiology, key procedures, and the changing prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2007;28(9):1047-53. DOI: 10.1086/520731
  76. Anderson DJ, Kirkland KB, Kaye KS, Thacker PA, 2nd, Kanafani ZA, Auten G, et al. Underresourced hospital infection control and prevention programs: penny wise, pound foolish? Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2007;28(7):767-73. DOI: 10.1086/518518
  77. Lee J, Singletary R, Schmader K, Anderson DJ, Bolognesi M, Kaye KS. Surgical site infection in the elderly following orthopaedic surgery. Risk factors and outcomes. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006;88(8):1705-12. DOI: 10.2106/JBJS.E.01156
  78. Kaye KS, Sloane R, Sexton DJ, Schmader KA. Risk factors for surgical site infections in older people. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006;54(3):391-6. DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2005.00651.x
  79. Kaye KS, Engemann JJ, Fulmer EM, Clark CC, Noga EM, Sexton DJ. Favorable impact of an infection control network on nosocomial infection rates in community hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2006;27(3):228-32. DOI: 10.1086/500371
  80. Karra R, McDermott L, Connelly S, Smith P, Sexton DJ, Kaye KS. Risk factors for 1-year mortality after postoperative mediastinitis. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2006;132(3):537-43. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2006.04.037
  81. McDonald JR, Friedman ND, Stout JE, Sexton DJ, Kaye KS. Risk factors for ineffective therapy in patients with bloodstream infection. Arch Intern Med. 2005;165(3):308-13. DOI: 10.1001/archinte.165.3.308
  82. Kaye KS, Schmit K, Pieper C, Sloane R, Caughlan KF, Sexton DJ, et al. The effect of increasing age on the risk of surgical site infection. J Infect Dis. 2005;191(7):1056-62. DOI: 10.1086/428626
  83. McGarry SA, Engemann JJ, Schmader K, Sexton DJ, Kaye KS. Surgical-site infection due to Staphylococcus aureus among elderly patients: mortality, duration of hospitalization, and cost. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2004;25(6):461-7. DOI: 10.1086/502422
  84. Whitehouse JD, Friedman ND, Kirkland KB, Richardson WJ, Sexton DJ. The impact of surgical-site infections following orthopedic surgery at a community hospital and a university hospital: adverse quality of life, excess length of stay, and extra cost. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2002;23(4):183-9. DOI: 10.1086/502033
  85. Petti CA, Sanders LL, Trivette SL, Briggs J, Sexton DJ. Postoperative bacteremia secondary to surgical site infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2002;34(3):305-8. DOI: 10.1086/324622
  86. Friedman ND, Kaye KS, Stout JE, McGarry SA, Trivette SL, Briggs JP, et al. Health care--associated bloodstream infections in adults: a reason to change the accepted definition of community-acquired infections. Ann Intern Med. 2002;137(10):791-7. PMID: 12435215
  87. Kirkland KB, Briggs JP, Trivette SL, Wilkinson WE, Sexton DJ. The impact of surgical-site infections in the 1990s: attributable mortality, excess length of hospitalization, and extra costs. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1999;20(11):725-30. DOI: 10.1086/501572
  88. Abramson MA, Sexton DJ. Nosocomial methicillin-resistant and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus primary bacteremia: at what costs? Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1999;20(6):408-11. DOI: 10.1086/501641


  1. Anderson DJ, Weber DJ, Sickbert-Bennett E.  On contact precautions: the good, the bad, and the ugly.  Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2014 Mar;35(3):222-4. DOI: 10.1086/675295
  2. Anderson DJ.  Prevention of Surgical Site Infection: Beyond SCIP.  AORN J 2014;99(2): 315-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.aorn.2013.11.007
  3. Sexton DJ. "Excess Readmissions" for Pneumonia: A Dilemma With a Penalty. Clin Infect Dis 2013, in press. DOI: 10.1093/cid/cit260
  4. Sexton DJ, Chen LF, Moehring R, Thacker PA, Anderson DJ. Casablanca redux: we are shocked that public reporting of rates of central line-associated bloodstream infections are inaccurate. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2012;33(9):932-5. DOI: 10.1086/667383
  5. Freeman JT, Williamson DA, Anderson DJ. When should contact precautions and active surveillance be used to manage patients with multidrug-resistant enterobacteriaceae? Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2012;33(7):753-6. DOI: 10.1086/666333
  6. Moehring RW, Anderson DJ. "But my patients are different!": risk adjustment in 2012 and beyond. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2011;32(10):987-9. DOI: 10.1086/662202
  7. Sexton DJ, Chen LF, Anderson DJ. Current definitions of central line-associated bloodstream infection: is the emperor wearing clothes? Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2010;31(12):1286-9. DOI: 10.1086/657583
  8. Miller BA, Sexton DJ. Shedding light on new methods to improve hospital cleanliness: the use of ultraviolet monitors as surrogate markers for bacterial contamination. Crit Care Med. 2010;38(4):1212-4. DOI: 10.1097/CCM.0b013e3181d1ab3a
  9. Freeman JT, Anderson DJ, Sexton DJ. Seasonal peaks in Escherichia coli infections: possible explanations and implications. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2009;15(10):951-3. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-0691.2009.02866.x
  10. Sexton DJ, Anderson DJ, Freeman JT. Law of Unintended Consequences and Medicare's New Reimbursement Rules. Infect Dis Clin Practice. 17(4):212-213, July 2009. (Invited Article) DOI: 10.1097/IPC.0b013e3181ac1962
  11. Anderson DJ, Sexton DJ. Inappropriate therapy for staphylococcal infection is common and commonly fatal. Crit Care Med. 2008;36(8):2462-4. DOI: 10.1097/CCM.0b013e3181811363
  12. Anderson DJ, Sexton DJ. Whither infection control in community hospitals? Musings about the near future. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2008;29(11):1071-3. DOI: 10.1086/591740
  13. Anderson DJ, Sexton DJ. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology: A Growth Opportunity in Medicine. Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice. 2007;15(2):113-5. DOI: 10.1097/IPC.0b013e31803c7c08


  1. Weber DJ, Anderson DJ, Sexton DJ, Rutala WA.  Role of the environment in the transmission of Clostridium difficile in healthcare facilities.  Am J Infect Control 2013, 2013 May;41(5 Suppl):S105-10. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajic.2012.12.009
  2. Lewis SS, Sexton DJ. Metastatic complications of bloodstream infections in hemodialysis patients. Semin Dial 2013;26(1):47-53. DOI: 10.1111/sdi.12031
  3. Anderson DJ, Kaye KS. Staphylococcal surgical site infections. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2009;23(1):53-72. DOI: 10.1016/j.idc.2008.10.004
  4. Anderson DJ, Kaye KS. Skin and soft tissue infections in older adults. Clin Geriatr Med. 2007;23(3):595-613, vii. DOI: 10.1016/j.cger.2007.03.002
  5. Kaye KS, Schmader KE, Sawyer R. Surgical site infection in the elderly population. Clin Infect Dis. 2004;39(12):1835-41. DOI: 10.1086/425744


  1. Freeman JT, Anderson DJ, Sexton DJ.  Enterococcus species and the central line-associated bloodstream infection surveillance definition: evaluating the importance of blood culture contamination. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2013 Jul;34(7):762-3. DOI: 10.1086/671009
  2. Moehring RW, Sexton DJ, Anderson DJ. Conclusion of Avery et al-Validation of Findings But Concern about Rationale. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2012;33(8):856-7. DOI: 10.1086/666633
  3. Anderson DJ, Freeman J, Sexton DJ. Recent changes in the NHSN definition for UTI: for better AND worse. Am J Infect Control. 2010;38(1):81-2; author reply 2-3. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajic.2009.07.004
  4. Anderson DJ. Prevention of surgical-site infections. N Engl J Med. 2010;362(16):1540; author reply 2-3. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMc1002218
  5. Freeman JT, Sexton DJ, Anderson DJ. Recent Changes in the NHSN Definition for UTI: For Better AND Worse.  Am J Infect Control 2010;38:81-2. (Letter) DOI: 10.1016/j.ajic.2009.07.004
  6. Freeman JT, Anderson DJ, Sexton DJ. Emerging Evidence for Seasonality of Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections.  Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2009;30:813–814.  (Letter) DOI: 10.1086/597506
  7. Chen LF, Anderson DJ, Hartwig MG, Kaye KS, Sexton DJ. Surgical site infections after laparoscopic and open cholecystectomies in community hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2008;29(1):92-4; author reply 4-5. DOI: 10.1086/524335

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